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Bitmap Images on ST7735 TFT with Arduino and SD Card

Feb 13th, 2021 | by: ELECTRONOOBS
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Drawing bitmap images (.BMP format) on ST7735 TFT display is quite easy because they are uncompressed images unlike JPEG images (.JPG format). This post shows how to draw bitmap images on the ST7735 TFT using Arduino UNO board where the Arduino loads the BMP images from SD card and print them on the display. The ST7735 TFT is a color display that uses SPI protocol, it has a resolution of 128×160 pixel. This display works with 3.3V only.

Hardware Required:


  • Arduino UNO board
  • ST7735S TFT display module
  • microSD card with FAT16 or FAT32 file system
  • microSD card module adapter
  • Push button
  • 5 x 1k ohm resistor
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper wires

Arduino with ST7735 TFT and SD card circuit.


The following image shows project circuit diagram. The ST7735S shown in project circuit diagram has 8 pins: (from right to left): RST (reset), CS (chip select), DC (or D/C: data/command), DIN (data in), CLK (clock), VCC, BL (back light) and Gnd (ground). The ST7735S display module is supplied with 5V. GND pin is connected to Arduino GND pin, VCC and BL pins are connected to Arduino 5V pin. In the display module there is AMS1117-3V3 voltage regulator which supplies the display controller with 3.3V (because it works with 3.3V only). The regulator steps down the 5V that comes from the Arduino board into 3.3V.

Schematic

Connections


All Arduino UNO output pins are 5V, connecting a 5V pin directly to the ST7735 display board may damage its controller circuit. To avoid that, I connected each control line of the display to the Arduino board through 1k ohm resistor.

So, the ST7735TFT display is connected to the Arduino board as follows (each one through 1k ohm resistor):
RST pin is connected to Arduino digital pin 5,
CS pin is connected to Arduino digital pin 6,
DC pin is connected to Arduino digital pin 7,
DIN pin is connected to Arduino digital pin 11,
CLK pin is connected to Arduino digital pin 13.

In this project I used microSD card module, this module is supplied from circuit 5V source that comes from the Arduino UNO board. This module contains AMS1117-3V3 voltage regulator which is used to supply the micro SD card with 3.3V. Also this module contains an IC which is 74LVC125A and it’s used as level translator (from 5V to 3.3V).

The microSD card module is connected to the Arduino as follows (from left to right):
The first pin of the micro SD card module (GND) is connected to Arduino GND,
The second pin of the micro SD card module (VCC) is connected to Arduino 5V,
The third pin of the micro SD card module (MISO) is connected to Arduino digital pin 12,
The fourth pin of the micro SD card module (MOSI) is connected to Arduino digital pin 11,
The fifth pin of the micro SD card module (SCK) is connected to Arduino digital pin 13,
The last pin of the micro SD card module (CS) is connected to Arduino digital pin 10.

The digital pins 10, 11, 12 and 13 are hardware SPI module pins of ATmega328P microcontroller (Arduino UNO microcontroller). The SD card and the ST7735 TFT share the same SPI bus. The button which is connected to Arduino digital pin 2 is used as ‘next image’, when pressed the display will show the next image.

Arduino with ST7735 TFT and SD card code:


As an addition to Arduino SPI library and SD library which are both built-in libraries (comes with Arduino IDE), the following code requires two libraries from Adafruit Industries:
The first library is a driver for the ST7735 TFT display which can be installed from Arduino IDE library manager (Sketch —> Include Library —> Manage Libraries …, in the search box write “st7735” and install the one from Adafruit).

The second library is Adafruit graphics library which can be installed also from Arduino IDE library manager.

Both libraries can be installed manually, first download them from the following 2 links:
Adafruit ST7735 TFT library    —->  direct link
Adafruit graphics library        —->  direct link

After the download, go to Arduino IDE —> Sketch —> Include Library —> Add .ZIP Library … and browse for the .zip file (previously downloaded).
The same thing for the other library file.

Hints:
There is no need to specify image names, the Arduino will search and draw all the BMP images located in the main root of the SD card.

The 4 libraries are included in the main code as shown below.
Including Arduino SPI library is optional!

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

More code


The ST7735 TFT module pins (RST, CS and DC) connections are defined as shown below "1". The other display pins (DIN and CLK) are connected to Arduino hardware SPI pins (digital pin 11 and digital pin 13). The Adafruit ST7735 library is initialized with this line below as well "2". And the TFT display is initialized using the following command "3".
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

Full Arduino code



FILES TO DOWNLOAD FOR THIS STEP
Arduino Code BMP print  DOWNLOAD
Needed Libraries  DOWNLOAD
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Test Video


This project was tested with original Samsung 32GB and 4GB micro SD cards. The following video shows my breadboard test circuit. If you need the Bitmap images, you have the kink here -> download link: download Images are downloaded from https://wallpaper.mob.org/

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